Tag Archives: Peter Jacobs

Is Canada Blooms a garden?

March 21st, 2013 | 2 Comments »

An extra post, from Toronto

As I write, I’m on my way to Toronto to visit Canada Blooms, Canada’s largest garden show. I’m speaking tomorrow about using art in a garden
and am pleased to be doing this. I set myself a goal when I first started giving talks about gardens and garden design, and that goal was to speak at Canada Blooms. So, as of tomorrow afternoon, I’ll check off one item on my (increasingly long) list of things to do.

I visited Canada Blooms last year and, quite honestly, it was a great disappointment. In its early years (the show debuted in 1997), it was full of inspiring show gardens and vendors selling interesting garden products. Last year, its first held in conjunction with the National Home Show, it was an enormous let-down.

Two exceptions stick in my mind: Surface Deep, the moss curl from the Reford Gardens, located in Metis, Quebec,

Surface Deep. Photo thanks to Canada Blooms

and Toronto landscape architect Victoria Taylor’s allusion to the urban landscape, Concrete Blooms Burst, a garden that combined re-cycled chunks of concrete with the occasional explosion of green.

Concrete Blooms Burst. Photo thanks to Canada Blooms


So, as I’m travelling, I’m thinking about a very basic question: what is a garden. What is it for? And how do garden shows fit into the equation?
Last week I attended an informal lecture given by the Montreal landscape architect and professor Peter Jacobs. Speaking to a group of horticulturally-minded women, he challenged us to push against our own mind-sets, to push out boundaries of what constitutes a garden, to move our ideas out of the past and into the future. Or at least into today’s world.

A garden reflects the world in which it is created. It says something about the environment in which it exists, and about the person who created it. We can ‘read’ a garden and discover ideas about the past that are valuable in themselves, or that stimulate our creativity today.  I’m trying to do that at Glen Villa, in The China Terrace and with installations like Abenaki Walking.

Abenaki Walking

The poet Alexander Pope urged us to consult the ‘genius of the place.’  We’ve come to understand his counsel to mean we should consider the particularities of a site and take full advantage of what it has to offer. For me that definitely includes the history of the site. But history alone is inadequate. Taking full advantage of any site has to include the present moment.

Professor Jacobs’ comments and the photos he used continue to occupy my mind. What is a garden?  What is it for, what purpose/s does it serve? Assuming it serves any purpose at all.Many gardeners say that a garden is a spiritual place, a place of peace and quiet that restores the soul, and there is a long tradition behind this view.

Ryoan-ji garden, Kyoto.

Others say they enjoy the excuse to spend time outside, playing in the dirt, nurturing what they’ve planted. Others search for the latest plant and hope their garden will wow the neighbours. And according to some garden historians, it has always been thus. (Think of Versailles and the Sun King, or Victorian plant hunters and the collectors who supported them.)

If a garden is to reflect the world in which it is created, if it is to say something about that world, our ideas about what a garden is have to take today’s world into account.

So, what to make of a garden ‘show’ like Canada Blooms, or the Chelsea Flower Show, or any of the many indoor and outdoor garden events held round the world? Do they enrich our ideas about what a garden is, or can be, or do they encourage us to stick to the past and to our familiar ideas?

Most of us live and garden in cities. Surely an ‘authentic’ response (to use Professor Jacobs’ terminology) is not to create some kind of wilderness fantasy in our back yards but to make a garden that is relevant today.

Do garden shows help us to do this? Should they? Or are they artificial reflections of fantasies that no long exist?

And where do flowers figure in the discussion?

Muscari blooming in the Dragon’s Tail at Glen Villa

I have opinions, but I think I’ll wait to see what this year’s Canada Blooms has to offer before I put them out for inspection.

But count on it: more is to come on this topic … much more!