Tag Archives: lichen

Colour in the Woods

November 30th, 2015 | 10 Comments »

At this time of year, when the startling reds and golds of a Quebec autumn are long gone, the woods around Glen Villa are grey and colourless.


The low stone wall marks the foundation of a sugar camp that once stood on this site.
The low stone wall marks the foundation of a sugar camp that once stood on this site.



At least they appear that way at first glance. But a closer look reveals all sorts of surprises.


The patch of orange-red fungi stopped me in my tracks.
The patch of orange-red fungi stopped me in my tracks. I can’t identify them. Can you?


This year, thanks to the unseasonably warm temperatures we have experienced over the last few months, the woods are full of colour. These colours aren’t all as big and showy as the patch of fungi pictured above. Few elicit the ooh’s and aah’s of autumn but the colours are there nonetheless, waiting to be noticed.

Most prominent is green.


The stream running through the Glen Villa woods is sometimes frozen by this time of year.  It is still running freely, thanks to the warm temperatures.
The land in this part of the woods at Glen Villa is very fragile. As trees die and their roots no longer hold the soil in place, sections of the stream bank collapse into the water.



On either bank of the stream that runs through part of Glen Villa’s woods, the woods are like a rain forest in some warmer and wetter part of the world. Rutted tracks through the woods which normally at this season are bone dry are now ankle deep in water. The stream is running almost as rapidly as it does in the springtime, when melting snow raises water levels to the top of the bank. And this despite the fact that, for weeks, we’ve had almost no rain at all.

I’m told that the watery ground is the result of the earth freezing — as it did briefly a few weeks ago — and thawing, and that the short cycle between these two extremes explains the amount of surface water.  This may be the case. But whatever the explanation, the extra moisture has created a landscape clothed in shades of green that range from the dark green of Christmas ferns (Polystichum acrostichoides) to the pale green of emerging spring.


Shades of green cover the ground in the woods at Glen Villa.
How many shades of green can you name?  Emerald, sage, pea, forest, hunter …



Moss is the major source of green. This isn’t surprising since there are between 9,500 and 22,000 different species of moss, depending on the source you consult. I haven’t attempted to count how many types of moss grow in our woods; I haven’t tried  to identify any of them by name. But based on the number of shades of green and the differences in textures that are obvious after even a cursory glance, there may be several hundred or more.


How many shades of green can you name? Emerald, sage, pea, forest, hunter, lime. Plus olive, chartreuse, fern, mint, jade and ???
Several types of moss can be distinguished in this photo. I like the shaggy one on the right — it reminds me of a moss-green shag rug I owned many years ago. (And yes, perhaps I should be too embarrassed to admit I once owned a shag rug. But I’m not.)


I don’t know if the plant below is a moss or if it is more properly placed in some other botanical category. What fascinates me is how different it is from other mosses that are growing nearby.


Is this a moss?
Is this a moss?


It doesn’t look at all like this two-toned moss, for instance…


This muti-coloured moss looks feathery.
This muti-coloured moss looks feathery.


or like this one, that reminds me of the brush I used to wash dried-up milk from the bottom of baby bottles.


Are the white tips a sign of death or of new life?
Are the white tips a sign of death or of new life?


Different types and colours of moss create different atmospheres. The glow-in-the-dark moss that covers part of the tree trunk below makes me wonder if it is radio-active.



A ghostly scene.
Does the V shape of the fallen branch suggest anything to you?  I find it spooky, particularly in contrast to the blue-grey tree trunks that surround it.


A soft cushiony moss makes me want to stretch out for a nap.


A typical mossy carpet. I can hear my mother saying it is much too damp to sit on.
I might want to lie down on this moss carpet but I can hear my mother warning me it would be much too damp.


A multi-coloured moss makes me question why the colours vary so strikingly.


A tree trunk is covered in moss.
More shades of green: olive, jade, mint, chartreuse, fern — and moss, of course. But which moss?


Along with the varieties of mosses are lichen and fungi of all sorts. They add to the richness of the scene, bringing different colours and different textures into view.  These colourful fungi covering the length of a fallen tree trunk appear hard and brittle.


Scallops of some type of fungus cover the side of a fallen log. The colours are subtle but th
I like these colourful scallops and photograph them almost every time I pass by.



These yellow growths look soft and slightly dangerous, like puffy mushroom clouds.


They may look tasty but I'm not serving them for dinner.
These mushrooms may look tasty but I’m not serving them for dinner, tonight or any other time.



Throughout the forest, scenes of rare beauty present themselves.  Some shout so loudly they can’t be missed…



Can anyone identify this growth?
Can anyone identify this growth? Whatever it is, the shades of red and orange certainly stand out against moss-green moss.



Others are more subtle.


Tree trunks frame a view along a small tributary of the main stream.
Mossy tree trunks frame a view along a small tributary of the main stream.


To all of them, I say thank you. You change a grey forest to technicolour.


P.S. I wrote this before snow fell. Returning to the woods two days later, I came across these little spruce-like umbrellas. My companion  said his mother wore them in winter corsages. What a chilly picture came to mind!


moss with snow