Category Archives: Plants

Looking Back and Forth

December 31st, 2016 | 10 Comments »

Last December I took the risky step of setting goals for 2016. So as that year ends and 2017 begins, it’s time to assess. How much of what I wanted to do did I actually accomplish?

1. The Cascade: As intended, I modified the plantings around The Cascade. I reduced the number of different types of plants, improved the drainage and the soil in the beds themselves. As a result, the plants flourished and I was content.

But of course there are always reservations. The Weigela ‘Wine and Roses’ needs another year or so to grow to full height, and until it does, its dark foliage doesn’t adequately off-set the various shades of green. I also want more colour for longer periods of time, and that means adding a lushly flowering plant — perhaps some Nepeta ‘Walker’s Low’ to continue a theme set at The Aqueduct nearby.

My big reservation about The Cascade, though, was the Persicaria microcephylla ‘Purple Fantasy.’ I really like the colouring on the foliage but by late August the plant was out of control. It had spread so vigorously that it was threatening everything around it. In September we dug out over half of what I had planted; nonetheless, in 2017, I need to keep it pruned back. Really pruned back!


The dark-leafed Weigela 'Wine and Roses' will add more colour contrast as they grow.
Is it possible for soil to be too rich? The Cascade was over-stuffed by the end of the summer, in part because of the Persicaria but also because everything except the shrubs grew more quickly than is normal for our climate. Weigela ‘Wine and Roses, the dark-leafed shrubs that barely show up here, will add more colour contrast in future years, when they are larger.

Score: 75


2. The Egg: This area, one of the first I designed at Glen Villa, was a tribute to my origins in Virginia. An oval space located midway up a wooded hillside was covered with small trees that were dead or dying, so in 2000 I cleared the area and filled it with tiarella that bloomed in late spring like beaten egg whites. Around the perimeter I planted boxwood, the quintessential Virginia plant, and enclosed the space with a wooden fence, like a wicker basket.


This photo is from June 2009, when The Egg was frothy and fine.
This photo is from June 2009, when The Egg was frothy and fine. The boxwood are just visible above the white tiarella blossoms.


For years The Egg did well but by 2012 it was looking tired. In 2013, 2014 and 2015 I planned to re-vamp the area; in 2016 work finally began.

The Egg is now The Upper Room, or Le Cénacle in French. It remains a tribute to Virginia but more specifically it is now a memorial to my Mother, to her faith and love of family.  The hardscaping was complete by mid July but the most important feature, five sandblasted glass panels, will not be installed until spring.


A sneak peak at the hardscaping of The Upper Room. The name of this area relates to more than its setting, midway up a hill. Does anyone catch the reference?
A sneak peak at the hardscaping of The Upper Room. The name of this area relates to more than its setting midway up a hill. Does anyone catch the reference?

Score: 75


3. The Gravel Garden: My goal for 2016 was to evaluate the plants I had chosen for this area, to add some brown-toned gravel to blend more compatibly with the stone walls of the house and to define the edge more precisely.

I didn’t add any brown-toned gravel — I looked for some but didn’t find any. Since half of the plants I used failed to make it through their first winter, evaluation turned into replacement. I added a poodle pine that I like very much and three gorgeous yuccas that were spectacular in bloom. Blue slate now edges and defines the space.


This photo was taken before the slate edging was installed. But I chose it because I like the yucca. My father called these flowers rock lilies. They bloomed at my grandparents' farm in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia.
This photo was taken before the slate edging was installed but I chose it rather than a phone from later in the season because I wanted to show the yucca in bloom. My father called these flowers rock lilies. They grew at my grandparents’ farm in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia so all the associations I have with these plants are good ones.

Score: 65


4. New Pots for the Deck:  After simplifying the plants on the living room and dining room decks, I intended to replace the hodgepodge of pots for a more unified look. I thought about this, made some sketches but did nothing more. Will I do this in 2017? Somehow it seems less important now, but time will tell.


Since I didn't do anything about new pots, I shouldn't have a photo to illustrate this goal. But I did use Mandeville vines on the living room deck. I've had these same plants for ten years or so, and they continue to provide abundant blooms and colour.
Since I didn’t do anything about new pots, I shouldn’t have a photo to illustrate this goal. But I did use Mandeville vines on the living room deck, as I have for ten years or so. I over-winter the plants and they provide abundant blooms and colour, year after year.

Score: 0


5. A Fence for The China Terrace: The deer continued to wreck havoc on the shrubs at the entry to The China Terrace, which means that I didn’t manage to install a fence. I did investigate putting a fence around the whole property but the cost was prohibitive, and fencing only part of the property creates a different set of problems.

In 2017 I’ll be looking for a new solution. Suggestions, anyone?


I may use white posts to fence this area. Or I may not. I really don't have any idea what I'll do!
I may use white posts to fence this area. Or I may not. I really don’t have any idea what I’ll do!

Score: 10 (for effort)


6. The Lower Garden: As planned, I spruced up the planting in the beds along the lake, replacing some old hydrangeas with newer varieties that provide earlier and longer bloom. Unfortunately the deer found these new shrubs quite tasty so the results were not as good as I anticipated.


The hydrangeas were babies when I took this photo. The deer had yet to discover them.
The hydrangeas were babies when I took this photo, as were the Astilbe ‘Fanal’ just starting to bloom. The deer discovered the hydrangeas about a week later.

Score: 80


7. The Upper Field: The plan to enlarge the variety of wildflowers in the Upper Field went nowhere. I did focus on converting the Big Lawn to the Big Meadow (see below), but since this was a separate goal, I can’t award myself any marks for this goal.


This illustrates quite nicely how easily the addition of some other colours could improve the Upper Field.
This photo illustrates quite nicely how effective a single colour can be. It also shows how easily the effect could be extended throughout the summer with the addition of other wildflowers, regardless of their colour.

Score: 0


8. Art projects: Last year I intended to complete one art project and work on a second. I finished the first one in January, as expected. I’m very pleased with The Writing is on the Wall; it is the first of several projects involving neon that I’m working on. (More on that in the months to come…)


To get the full story on this quotation and why it seemed like a perfect gift for my husband on our 50th wedding anniversary, you can read this post.
To get the full story on this quotation and why it seemed like a perfect gift for my husband on our 50th wedding anniversary, you can read this post.


Continuing to work on Orin’s Sugarcamp was the second art-related goal I set for myself. This installation in the woods is progressing very well and is now almost complete.


The story of this project to date is here.
You can read the story of this project in two recent posts, here and here.

Score: 95


9. The Big Lawn: The process of transforming the Big Lawn into the Big Meadow that began in 2016 was a huge success.  The Canada geese stayed away.The grass grew and looked wonderfully shaggy. We seeded selected areas with a variety of wildflowers. Altogether, this first experimental year could not have been better.


A sea of grass -- the phrase may be a cliché but it aptly describes the Big Meadow in August.
A sea of grass — the phrase may be a cliché but it aptly describes the Big Meadow in August.

Score: 100


10Garden Visits: As planned, I hosted two garden tours in 2016, to the south of England in May and to Scotland and the north of England in September, and both were immensely enjoyable. When I add in the gardens I saw before or after the tours, I come up with a eye-popping number for the year — about 50 British gardens, all of which were inspirational in one way or another. And this doesn’t include the gardens seen at the Chelsea Flower Show!


This carpet of hand-made poppies marked the 100th anniversary of WWI. In the background is the Royal Hospital Chelsea, where the pensioners live. The tribute was one of the finest things I saw at the Chelsea Flower Show this year.
This carpet of hand-made poppies was a tribute to members of the Armed Forces, particularly those who served in WWI. In the background is the Royal Hospital Chelsea, where the pensioners, or veterans live. The idea for this project originated in Melbourne, Australia, to mark Anzac Day. The display was one of the finest things I saw at the Chelsea Flower Show this year. Certainly it was the most touching.


In March I twice visited Magnolia Plantation in Charleston, South Carolina. In June I saw several private gardens in Vermont and in September I explored the Sun Yat-Sen Garden in Vancouver. I didn’t make it to the Reford Gardens in Métis, Québec as I hoped to do but perhaps I’ll get there in 2017.


What could be better than live oaks to illustrate a southern plantation?
What could be better than an avenue of live oaks to illustrate a southern plantation?


The big garden visit, though, was one that I hadn’t anticipated. Our Open Garden Day in August attracted over 300 people. I consider this a huge success since it was the first year we’ve done this. In addition, five groups came to visit Glen Villa. Since I’m charging admission now, all these visits resulted in a substantial donation to our local land conservation association, the Massawippi Conservation Trust.


If only I had set the date for the Open Garden Day in 2017! Sometime in July, I think...
If I had set the date for the Open Garden Day in 2017, I could announce it here. But I haven’t. It will be sometime in July, I think…

Score: 100

Reviewing the year in conjunction with the goals I set for myself makes me realize how useful goal setting can be — and how fruitless it is to give each goal a score. While I didn’t do everything I hoped to do, for the most part I focused on the areas I had identified and overall I believe that the year was a success. Yet my own scoring gave me a failing mark of 60%.

Am I being too hard on myself? I fell far short of 100% on most of my goals, but how do I score the things I did that weren’t on my list to start with? Some of 2016’s unplanned projects were the most successful. Certainly they please me enormously.  And in retrospect, the unplanned activities seem at least as important as the goals I set, possibly more. Does that mean that setting goals isn’t useful after all?

What do you think? Are garden goals as useful as New Year’s Resolutions, as quickly written and as quickly forgotten? Or do they guide us through the year?

When Less is More

December 5th, 2016 | 25 Comments »
water meadow clean up
Is less more? I associate the familiar phrase with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, one of the founders of modern architecture and a proponent of simplicity of style. But when I went to confirm this, I found to my surprise that the phrase was first used in print in Andrea del Sarto, a poem by Robert Browning. Who strive - you don't know how the others strive To paint a little thing like that you smeared Carelessly passing with your robes afloat,- Yet do much less, so much less, Someone


The Colours of Autumn

October 31st, 2016 | 12 Comments »
What an array of colours! The view looking out over the Big Meadow never fails to excite me.
I missed the peak of autumn colour this year in the Eastern Townships of Quebec -- where colours are as good as (or better than?) any place in North America -- because of some trips that took me away from home. So when a friend sent me a photo he took a week or so ago of the hills behind our house, I was delighted.   [caption id="attachment_4579" align="aligncenter" width="1000"] Our house and boathouse on Lake Massawippi are dwarfed by the hills that rise behind.[/caption]   What a spectacle it was. Friends who were


Yin and Yang at the Dr. Sun Yat Sen Classical Chinese Garden

October 3rd, 2016 | 8 Comments »
Black and white, rough and smooth
Vancouver's Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese Garden is an  oasis in the middle of a busy city, a place to rest and reflect on a garden tradition that reached its peak in the Ming dynasty (1358-1644). In accord with the Taoist philosophy of yin and yang that guides the garden's design, the aim is to balance opposing forces and thereby to achieve the equilibrium that constitutes perfection.  Behind the walls that separate the garden from the city, contrasts of dark and light, flexible and immovable, rough and smooth, large and small combine to create a picture


Changing Colours

September 27th, 2016 | 10 Comments »
I don't know which of the asters this one is. But notice the different coloured centres.
This year autumn is slow in coming. Often by the end of September, the hills are as colourful as the big box of Crayola crayons I always begged (unsuccessfully) my mother to buy, with trees standing in ranges of red, orange and pink, gold and chartreuse, and occasional patches of dark wintery green. Not this year. Temperatures have remained high and leaves seem reluctant to lose their grip on summer. In the woods and fields around Glen Villa, though, wildflowers appropriate to the season are blooming their hearts out. Asters predominate.


Fall projects for Gangly Teens

September 21st, 2016 | 10 Comments »
The line of green clearly marks where you are meant to walk. But now that all the grass is cut, it is easy to walk anywhere.
Coming home after a tour of gardens in the UK is always a shock. English gardens are so lush, so flowery, so impressive in predictable and unpredictable ways. In comparison, my garden in mid-September is a let-down. In fact, it makes me think of a gangly 13-year old. The teen may have good bones and a sense of fashion but for the moment the best features are hidden behind braces and a spotty face. Like that gangly teen, my garden is full of promise. It has good bones even if they do seem hidden today,


The Big Meadow in August

August 25th, 2016 | 19 Comments »
The mown path makes this work. Showing a human intervention is essential.
  This summer I've been watching what used to be a manicured lawn turn into a meadow.  Seeing the changes month to month has shown that what pleased me in June ...   [caption id="attachment_4073" align="aligncenter" width="1200"] The view from the driveway gives some idea of the size of the Big Meadow.[/caption]   became even better in July.   [caption id="attachment_4203" align="aligncenter" width="1000"] Grasses on the prairie used to be called oceans of grass. Now I know why.[/caption]   I was thrilled. Was the transformation from lawn to meadow going to be as


The Lower Garden

July 19th, 2016 | 6 Comments »
untitled (5 of 11)
It's garden visit time at Glen Villa. Last week a group from Quebec City visited the garden; this week it's a group from Ontario and the following week it's another group from Quebec. Then, on August 4, comes the big Open Garden Day when we could realistically have 500 people or more. I think all gardeners would agree -- it's satisfying when your garden looks good, or at least when it looks good enough to bring you that frisson of pleasure that tells you your work has paid off.  But when visitors


The Big Lawn Becomes The Big Meadow

July 12th, 2016 | 12 Comments »
Four weeks ago I wrote about the experiment I'm conducting this year on the Big Lawn. The idea was simple: let the grass grow and see what happens. My husband suggested the idea as a way to discourage the Canada geese who were frequenting the lawn and who don't like long grass. I was sceptical but he was right. Our experiment is working. Since early June we haven't seen a single goose. Even better, the lawn is turning out to be more beautiful than I ever hoped for.   [caption id="attachment_4193" align="aligncenter" width="1000"] The


The Cascade: A Work in Progress

June 28th, 2016 | 6 Comments »
One of the first areas we added to the garden at Glen Villa was the Cascade. It came about almost by accident, as we were modifying the entry to the house. Doing this meant lowering the driveway by eight feet; as we did, we uncovered a stream hidden underground. And so the Cascade was born. Unfortunately I have no photos of the original plantings. Only a few of them remain, one or two hawthorn trees, the spruce that were tiny when planted about 15 years ago, the bridalwreath spirea that drips with blossoms every